This page of Arst.ch looks at some of the major scientific developments in education over the years. Elsewhere on this site, you can find information about some of the overall scientific milestones, plus developments gaming and gambling and medical breakthroughs.
If we use the broader definition of ‘technology’, we can trace back technological developments in education over hundreds, if not thousands of years. For example, simple equipment essential for education such as paper, pencils and chalk could be considered as technology – but examining these kinds of developments would involve a much deeper delve into history the books. Instead, we take a look at some of the modern day, cutting-edge scientific developments that are shaping how both young people and adults are learning today.
Computers and Education
Computers started to appear in classrooms in the 1990s, but were only fully integrated into schools over the last decade or so – before then, many schools were restricted to having special ‘IT rooms’ or just a few stations set up in the library. The mass integration of computers, as well as access to the internet, enables students to access a vast amount of information while fostering individual learning and growth. Many also stress the importance of having access to computers as this prepares young learners for the ‘real world’, as most offices and other jobs will require constant computer access.
Following on from the development of PCs, another scientific development that has improved standards of education on a global level has been the development of cheap yet basic laptops. Costing schools as little as $100 each, these laptops enable young learners in developing countries, particularly African countries, to realize the same educational benefits as mentioned above.
The opening up and wider access to the internet has also fostered education around the world outside of the classroom. Through online courses, video tutorials, e-books and other types of media, people can now learn in so many more ways than before, when the only way to access to information involved a trip to the library.